One of the most ancient forms of instrumental classical music is found in
. In fact, the music heard
today as Gagaku is almost identical with the sound produced as long ago as
the 8th century. A
Gagaku ensemble usually includes a KOTO a type of zither.
When voice is added to the usually purely instrumental music, the
sound is sparse and is created as the singer intones in a natural speaking
voice using no vibrato or ornamentation.
The music often falls into three sections , jo
(a slow introduction), ha
(moderate tempo) and kye (a